Elementary Science Program


liquidsSolids and Liquids


Observe and describe the properties of solid and liquid materials:

  • Recognize differences between solids and liquids

  • Combine and separate solid materials of different particle sizes

  • Observe and describe what happens when solids are
    mixed with water

  • Books for Kids
  • Teacher Resources
  • Web Sites
  • Tips and Hints

Books for Kids

Starting  with  Science Series: Solids, Liquids, and Gases  Ontario Science Centre. Kids Can Press, 2000, 32 pp. ISBN 1-55074-401-1. Reviewed in Science and Children Nov/Dec 2000, 49. (Grades K-4) Activities for adults and students to do together in the kitchen using commonly available household materials. Simple, direct text and clear instructions make the book accessible to early elementary readers. The explanations will need to be supplemented by an adult.

I Can Roll Alain Crozon. Chronicle, 1999 ISBN 0-8118-2408-X (Grades PK-3) Listed in STC Literature Links. Students will be motivated by the format of this book. A riddle introduces the object, and the answer can be found under a flap to the right. Color illustrations bring the objects to life.

What Is the World Made Of?: All about Solids, Liquids, and Gases HarperCollins, 1998. ISBN 0-06-027143-4 Listed in STC Literature Links. Each state of matter is explained with text, examples, and activities. Pictures of students enjoying science and appropriate reading level make this book accessible to early elementary students.

Book of Science Questions that Children Ask Jack Meyers. Boyds Mills Pr, 1995, ISBN 1563974789. An 11-year old reader from Broomall, Pa, writes "This book help me do my homework all the time. Trust me and buy this book." (amazon.com) Selected from back issues of Highlights for Children magazine, this collection of answers to over 350 children's questions about science covers a wide range of science topics. (ENC Focus, vol 8, No 3, 2001, p 92)

Teacher Resources

Snow provides an inquiry activity to do on a snowy day. What can you learn from a melting snowball?

Material Properties and Change Curriculum Companion contains detailed resources tailored to modules dealing with properties of matter. Take a look at the growing list of resources for this module. Background info, enrichment, interdisciplinary ideas, images, assessment, tips and comments, and kids web pages are all included in this useful site.

The My Hero Project has a brief biography of Snowflake Bentley, the first person to photograph a singe snowflake. The story is not in first grade language, but it is short and you could easily tell it to your students. Another site, The Snowflake Man, comtains a short biography and links to some of Bentley's original photogtaphs.

Solids & Liquids


Web Sites

The Foss website may have material for students or teachers that relates to this module. Check the website to see interactive simulations, to write questions to a scientist, to find teaching tips, and to talk with other classes using FOSS.  

In Washington, the LASER Project has developed teacher toolkits for a number of the modules. The Solids & Liquids Toolkit contains suggestions for each of the activities as well as links to other helpful sites.

Tips and Hints

  • Be sure that you have obtained a bottle each of cooking oil, liquid hand soap, liquid fabric softener, corn syrup, and dishwashing liquid. You will need them early in the unit.