JFC - Student Behavior Standards and Expectations

Code: JFC
Adopted: Unknown
Re-adopted: 8/13/97, 7/28/99, 8/8/01, 9/14/05, 5/14/08, 4/8/09, 9/11/13, 1/14/15, 7/12/2017
 

The Board expects student conduct to contribute to a productive learning climate. Students shall comply with the district’s written rules, pursue the prescribed course of study, submit to the lawful authority of teachers and school officials and conduct themselves in an orderly manner at school during the school day or during school-sponsored activities. This conduct applies to students en route to and from school and district sponsored activities.

Careful attention shall be given to procedures and methods whereby fairness and consistency without bias in discipline shall be assured each student. The objectives of disciplining any student must be to help the student develop a positive attitude toward self-discipline, realize the responsibility of one’s actions and maintain a productive learning environment. All staff members have responsibility for consistency in establishing and maintaining an appropriate behavioral atmosphere.

Discipline procedures that are age appropriate and to the extent practicable use approaches that are shown through research to be effective, related to the classification of the offense and to the particular facts of the student’s misconduct, shall be used by district personnel to correct behavioral problems, while supporting students’ attendance to school and classes. Examples include, but are not limited to, reprimands, conferences, detention, fines for damage or loss of district property, loss of privileges including bus riding and suspension.

Students may be suspended in cases of serious infractions or repeated failure to comply with Board policy, administration regulation, school or classroom rules. Students may be expelled for any of the following circumstances: a) when a student’s conduct poses a threat to the health or safety of students or employees; b) when other strategies to change the student’s behavior have been ineffective; or c) when required by law. Restitution may be sought for willful damage to district property. Additionally, a student’s driving privileges, or the right to apply for driving privileges, may be suspended for violations of ORS 339.254 and 339.257 as provided by Board policy JHFDA – Suspension of Driving Privileges. A referral to law enforcement may also be made for violations of the law.

BEHAVIOR INFRACTIONS

Disrespect

Students will show respect and courtesy toward each other and adults.

Reasonable requests by teachers, administrators, paid aides, volunteer aides, student aides, custodians, bus drivers, cooks, secretaries, etc., will be obeyed. Misconduct that disrupts and/or shows disrespect for the orderly operations of classroom learning environment will not be tolerated.

Failure to Report Serious Misconduct or the Threat of Serious Misconduct

Students are expected to immediately inform school personnel of serious misconduct by other students or potential threats to the safety of other students or staff. “Serious misconduct” means behavior that has resulted in or poses a credible threat to the safety, security or wellbeing of students, staff or school property.

Inappropriate Displays of Affection

While on school property, or in a vehicle operated by the District, or attending a school related event, students shall not engage in displays of affection that disrupt the educational process or the viewing of which make most students, staff or the public feel uncomfortable. “Inappropriate displays of affection” are public, physical exchanges between students that are overly sexualized. Occasional holding of hands, brief kissing or hugging are not typically considered inappropriate.

Leaving School Grounds

No student is to leave at any time, for any reason, with the following exceptions: (1) a specific need verified by parent and approved by the administrator; (2) students who have parent- and school-approved work-release privilege; (3) students who have written parent permission on file with the building administrator.

Students who leave school grounds for any reason other than the above exceptions are considered truant. (See Truancy)

Prohibited Recordings

Students are prohibited from making any visual or auditory recordings of conduct or activity on school premises or at a school-related activity which violates a school policy if the recording is made with intent to promote, encourage or facilitate such conduct or activity. Dissemination or publication of a prohibited recording with intent to disrupt or prevent a safe and positive educational environment will be treated as a violation of the District’s cyberbullying portion of this policy.

Trespassing

Students who have been suspended, expelled or otherwise restricted from school or persons of school age who are not otherwise permitted to be on school property or at a school event shall not come upon or remain on school property or at a school related event when ordered to leave by school personnel.

Truancy

Truancy is defined as absence from school without permission.

The district believes irregular attendance is one of the factors associated with student failure and frustration with the school experience. A fundamental purpose for insisting on punctual, regular school attendance is to help each student develop habits of responsibility.

Use of Obscene/Vulgar Language, Gestures or Images

Students shall not use, produce, or broadcast obscene or vulgar language, gestures or images at school or at a school related event. When obscene or vulgar language is spoken or broadcast or obscene or vulgar gestures are used, produced or broadcast, the staff member hearing or observing the obscenity or vulgarity will confer with the student and take appropriate disciplinary action. If the staff member is not the individual student’s classroom teacher, he/she will inform the classroom teacher or the appropriate administrator of the incident and the action taken. This should occur as soon as practical after the incident.

Penalties

Student behavior infractions may result in reprimand, conference, behavior contracts, detention, loss of privileges and other building level interventions as appropriate. A school official may impose additional or enhanced disciplinary action for repeat behaviors.

Procedures for Student Violations

  1. If the reported incident involves any of the violations listed as behavior infractions, the infraction will be immediately addressed by the staff member who observes the violation.
  2. The intervention should be commensurate with the degree of the violation and any pattern of misbehavior.
  3. It is likely that low level, infrequent and unintentional violations may be addressed quickly by the staff member who observes the misconduct without involving others or even making a record of the infraction.
  4. If the reported incident is unusually disruptive, recurring or intentional, such infractions may best be resolved by referral to the building administration.
  5. Whenever such infractions are referred to the building administrator, a record of the incident shall be made and the administrator shall notify the student’s parents as soon as is practicable.

NON-VIOLENT MISCONDUCT

The district is dedicated to providing a safe environment for students, parents, staff and the public. To this end, the following conduct is prohibited at any time during school hours or during school- related activities on or off school grounds.

Damaging or Destroying School Property or the Property of Others

A student present on district property, engaged in a school-related activity or attending a school- related activity is prohibited from intentionally or recklessly damaging or destroying school property. Any person who damages or destroys school property will be asked to pay the cost of replacement or restoration of the damaged property in addition to being subjected to appropriate disciplinary actions and legal proceedings. Parents or guardians of a minor student who damages or destroys school property or the property of a student or school employee is liable for all costs associated with repairing or replacing the damaged or destroyed property.

Slander and Libel

Students may not slander or libel other students or school staff. “Slander” is the verbal communication of a falsehood from one person to one or more other persons. “Libel” is the written or electronic publication of a falsehood from one person to one or more other persons.

Theft/Criminal Mischief

A student present on district property, engaged in a school-related activity or attending a school- related activity is prohibited from exercising control over the property of any other person or damaging the property of any other person or the school without the consent of the owner of such property.

Unjustified Interference with School Authorities

Students shall not willfully disobey, defy, intimidate or threaten a school employee or use or threaten to use force or violence against a school employee during the employee’s performance of his or her duties.

Vandalism/Graffiti

Students are prohibited from vandalizing or defacing school property or the property of another student or school employee with unwelcome words, symbols or artwork. Vandalism is the act of damaging property. The parent or guardian of a student is liable for the cost to repair or replace property damaged by vandalism or graffiti if the student is a minor.

Penalties

Any student who engages in any of the prohibited conduct outlined above will be subject to the following:

  1. Criminal or juvenile action if the violation is such that it warrants a referral to the appropriate agency.
  2. Ejection from and/or banishment from school property or the area where a school-related activity is being conducted.
  3. A school official may impose additional or enhanced disciplinary action for repeat behaviors.
  4. Disciplinary action up to and including expulsion from school.

Procedures for Non-Violent Offenses

  1. The staff member who observes the offense will immediately intervene and address the infraction.
  2. Intervention should be commensurate with the degree of the violation and the history of misbehavior.
  3. The staff member will report the offense to the building administrator if appropriate.
  4. If the infraction is reported to the building administrator, he/she shall impose sanction up to 10 days suspension.
  5. In cases involving an actual and credible risk of injury or which are otherwise aggravated or recurring, the administrator may refer for expulsion.

VIOLENT MISCONDUCT

The district is dedicated to providing a safe environment for students, parents, staff and the public. To this end, the following conduct is prohibited at any time during school hours or during school- related activities on or off school grounds.

Arson

“Arson” is the intentional use of fire to damage or attempt to damage property of a student’s or the school. Setting off or reporting false fire alarms is also grounds for disciplinary action.

Assault

A student present on school property, engaged in a school-related activity or attending a school-related activity is prohibited from fighting with or assaulting any other person.

  1. “Assault” is defined as intentional, unauthorized physical contact with another person which causes physical, mental or emotional injury or would reasonably be expected to cause such an injury. “Physical injury” is defined as meaning impairment of physical condition or substantial pain.

     Assault does not include physical pain or discomfort resulting from or caused by:

  1. Training for or participation in athletic competition voluntarily engaged in by a student;
  2. Recreational activity voluntarily engaged in by a student;
  3. Physical exertion shared by all students in a teacher directed class activity which may include, but is not limited to, physical education exercises, field trips or vocational education projects; or
  4. Physical restraint or the use of aversive techniques as part of a behavior management program in a student’s individual education program which has been signed by a parent and is carried out according to district procedure and policy.
  1. A person may use physical restraint on another when and to the extent that is necessary to defend the student or another person from the imminent unlawful physical force or from imminent danger.

Disruptive or Unsafe Behavior 

A student present on school property, engaged in a school- related activity or attending a school-related activity is prohibited from engaging in disruptive, unsafe or abusive conduct that deprives other students of the opportunity to learn or participate in a school related activity or interferes with the instructional program in the classroom. Such behavior includes but is not limited to:

  1. Engaging in violent or threatening behavior;
  2. Disturbing a classroom or school activity;
  3. Initiating or circulating a report, knowing it to be false, concerning an alleged or impending fire, explosion, crime, catastrophe or other emergency; or
  4. Intentionally creating a hazardous or physically offensive condition.

Explosive Devices or Materials

The use or threatened use, possession or sale of explosive devices or materials or look-alike explosive devices on school grounds or at a school related activity is prohibited. “Explosive devices” means any device or inert facsimile of such a device that has an explosive, incendiary or poison gas component. Explosive materials are substances that are capable of producing an explosive, incendiary or poisonous gas reaction.

Fighting

“Fighting” means mutual participation in any form of physical altercation or acts of person-to- person aggression. “Mutual participation” includes inciting or encouraging others to fight or watching others who are fighting. Students are prohibited from fighting on or near school grounds in school vehicles or at a school related event.

Gang Activities

A “gang” is defined as a group that identifies itself through the use of a name, unique appearance or language including hand signs, claiming of geographical territory or the espousing of a distinctive belief system that frequently results in criminal activity. Gangs or organizations which initiate, advocate or promote activities threatening the safety or well-being of persons or property on school grounds or disturbing the school environment are harmful to the educational process. Such acts are contrary to a productive climate and educational objectives and create an atmosphere where unlawful acts or violations of school regulations may occur. It shall therefore be the policy of the district to prohibit the following activities:

  1. Wearing, possessing, using, distributing, displaying or selling any clothing, jewelry, emblem, badge, symbol, sign or other things which are evidence of membership or affiliation in an illegal gang or group involved in illegal activities;
  2. Use speech or commit any act or omission in furtherance of the interest of any gang or gang activity;
  3. Participation incidents involving initiations, hazing, intimidations and/or related activities of such group affiliations which are likely to cause bodily danger, physical or mental harm to students or employees.

Potentially Harmful Object/Device Possessions 

No student shall bring to school or possess on school grounds or at a school activity any device, instrument, material, substance or animal which is determined by the proper school authority to create an unreasonable risk to the safety or security of the student, of other persons, or of the property of the school, of school employees, of students, or of other persons.

Any school employee shall take control of any such device, instrument, material, substance or animal and deliver it to the principal and the principal shall, as is reasonable, take steps to make it safe or return it to the student after school hours or return it to the student’s parent or destroy it or otherwise dispose of it.

The principal may allow a device, instrument, material, substance or animal which would otherwise fall within this policy to remain on school premises if there is a legitimate educational purpose for the object’s presence, and if appropriate, safeguards are taken.

If an object or device in a student’s possession qualifies as a dangerous weapon or deadly weapon or firearm, then it shall be dealt with as a deadly/dangerous weapons violation.

Knives, which do not meet strict definition requirements of “weapon”, including pocketknives, will usually be treated as potentially harmful possessions under this policy, and may result in expulsion from school depending on the degree of the credible threat.

Illegal items or other possessions reasonably determined by the proper school authorities to be a threat to the safety or security of the possessor or others may be seized by school officials in accordance with the school district’s property confiscation procedures. Items, which may be used to disrupt or interfere with the educational process, shall be temporarily removed from the student’s possession. (See JFG - Student Searches and Questioning)

Reckless Endangering

Students are prohibited from engaging in conduct while at school or in a vehicle operated by the District or at a school related activity which creates a substantial risk of physical, mental or emotional injury to themselves or others or school property.

Penalties

Any person who engages in any of the prohibited conduct outlined above will be subject to the following:

  1. Criminal or juvenile action if the violation is such that it warrants a referral to the appropriate agency;
  2. Ejection from and/or banishment from school property or the area where a school-related activity is being conducted;
  3. A school official may impose additional or enhanced disciplinary action for repeat behavior.
  4. Disciplinary action up to and including expulsion from school.

Procedures for Violent Offenses

  1. If the reported incident involves any of the violations listed above, the infraction will be immediately referred to the building administration.
  2. The consequence should be commensurate with the degree of the violation and the history of misbehavior.
  3. In cases not falling under Deadly/Dangerous Weapons, the building administrator shall impose sanctions up to 10 days suspension.
  4. In cases involving an actual and credible risk of injury or which are otherwise aggravated or recurring, the administrator may refer for expulsion.


FIREARMS AND DEADLY WEAPONS

The district prohibits any student present on school property, engaged in a school-related activity or attending a school-related activity from bringing, possessing, concealing, using or threatening to use a weapon.

Weapons under the control of law enforcement personnel are permitted. The superintendent may authorize other persons to possess weapons for courses, programs and activities approved by the district and conducted on district property.

A weapon, or replica of a weapon, found on school property or at school-related activities shall be confiscated and the incident reported to local law enforcement agencies. The superintendent shall prepare a procedure for confiscating, forfeiting and disposing of any weapons found on school property or at school-related activities.

A “weapon” means a firearm, destructive device, dangerous weapon or deadly weapon as those terms are defined in the Oregon Criminal Code, as amended.

“Possession” means a conscious awareness of the ability to control the object.

Penalties

The following penalties may apply when any person is accused of violating the weapons policy:

  1. Forfeiture of any firearm, dangerous weapon or deadly weapon found on school property or at a school-related function;
  2. Criminal or juvenile action if the violation is such that it warrants a referral to the appropriate agency;
  3. Ejection from and/or banishment from school property or the area where a school- related activity is being conducted;
  4. Disciplinary action up to and including expulsion for a period of at least one year.


Procedures for Student Violations

  1. In accordance with Oregon law, any employee who has reasonable cause to believe a student or other person has, within the previous 120 days, unlawfully been in possession of a firearm or destructive device as defined by this policy, shall immediately report such violation to an administrator, his/her designee or law enforcement. Employees who report directly to law enforcement shall also immediately inform an administrator.

Administrators shall promptly notify the appropriate law enforcement agency of staff reports received and at any other time there is reasonable cause to believe violations have occurred or that a student has been expelled for bringing, possessing, concealing or using a dangerous or deadly weapon, firearm or destructive device. Parents will be notified of all conduct by their student that violates this policy.

  1.  If the reported incident involves possessing, bringing, concealing or using a weapon on school property or during a school-related activity, the student shall be immediately suspended from school for a period of up to five days during which a designated administrator shall conduct an investigation of the incident.
  2. If the administrator finds no violation of school policy, the suspension shall end immediately and the student allowed to return to school. If, after completing the investigation, the administrator has reason to believe that the student possessed, brought or concealed a firearm or deadly weapon or used a dangerous weapon with the intent to cause or threaten to cause physical injury, the suspension shall continue while the administrator initiates expulsion proceedings.
  3. Students found to have brought, possessed, concealed or used a firearm in violation of this policy or state law shall be expelled for a period of not less than one year. All other violations of the policy will result in discipline up to and including expulsion and/or referral to law enforcement, as appropriate.
  4. The superintendent may, on a case-by-case basis, modify this expulsion requirement. The district may also request suspension of a student’s driving privileges or the right to apply for driving privileges with the Oregon Department of Transportation, as provided by law. Appropriate disciplinary and/or legal action will be taken against students or others who assist in activity prohibited by this policy.
  5. Any student expelled for violating the policy prohibiting the possessing, bringing or concealing or using a weapon on school property or at a school-related activity may petition the Board for a conditional readmission to school.
  6. Any student expelled for violating the weapons policy may, at the discretion of the district, enroll in or receive any alternative educational programs or counseling available through the district.
  7. The superintendent shall notify the Board if any reported violation of this policy results in an investigation as well as the outcome of the investigation.

Legal Reference(s)

ORS 339.240 
ORS 339.250 
ORS 339.260 
ORS 659.150
OAR 581-021-0050 to 0075

Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier, 484 U.S. 260 (1988).
Bethel School District No. 403 v. Fraser, 478 U.S. 675 (1986).
Leslie Shorb v. Donald L. Grotting and Powers School District No. 31, Case No. 00CV-0255 (Coos County Circuit Court) (June 1, 2000).
Ferguson v. Phoenix Talent School District No. 4, 172 Or. App. 389 (2001).