JDB - Persons "In Loco Parentis"

Code: JDB
Adopted: 9/27/17

By law or state regulation, certain persons other than biological or adoptive parents may have authority to assume the role of a parent ( to act “in loco parentis”) for the purpose of directing educational services for a minor student of the District or accessing a student’s educational records or interacting with school personnel regarding a student.

Examples of persons other than the biological or adoptive parents who have statutory authority to act “in loco parentis” for school purposes are:

  • A foster parent;                                                                                                     
  • A court appointed guardian;
  • An individual acting as a parent in place of a biological or adoptive parent with whom the child lives (including a grandparent, stepparent or other relative); or
  • A surrogate parent appointed by the school district or a juvenile court.

Persons acting “in loco parentis” must:

  • Present themselves to the principal of the school where the student is attending or the Director of Student Services and announce their intent to direct the provision of educational services for that student;
  • Provide the principal or Director with written proof of their appointment or authority to act and allow that proof to be copied; and
  • Provide the principal or Director with picture identification and allow their identification to be copied.

Copies of the proof of appointment or authority to act and picture identification shall be placed in the student’s permanent records.

Once a person’s authority to act “in loco parentis” is established, school staff shall be informed that the person is to be accorded all the rights and privileges of a parent of a student of the District unless the person’s authority to act is otherwise limited or restricted by law, regulation or an order or judgment of the court.

A person’s authority to act “in loco parentis” for a student of the District may be terminated by:

  • Operation of law or regulation;
  • A court order or judgment;
  • The student reaching the age of 18 (or 21 if the student is eligible for special education services); or
  • The student becoming legally emancipated.